• Array


    • IPA: əˈɹeɪ
    • Rhymes: -eɪ


    From Middle English arrayen, from Anglo-Norman arayer (compare Old French arayer, areer ("to put in order")), from Medieval Latin arrēdō ("to put in order, arrange, array"), from Medieval Latin *rēdum ("preparation, order"), from Frankish *reida ("preparation, order") or Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐍂𐌰𐌹𐌳𐍃 (garaids, "ready, prepared"), from Proto-Germanic *raidaz, *raidiz ("ready"), from Proto-Indo-European *reidʰ- ("to put in order, ease, make comfortable"). Cognate with Old High German gireiti ("preparation"), Old Frisian rēde ("ready"), Old English ġerǣde ("preparation, equipment"). More at ready.

    Full definition of array


    1. To clothe and ornament; to adorn or attireHe was arrayed in his finest robes and jewels.
    2. To lay out in an orderly arrangement; to deploy or marshal
    3. (legal) To set in order, as a jury, for the trial of a cause; that is, to call them one at a time.



    (plural arrays)
    1. Clothing and ornamentation.
    2. A collection laid out to be viewed in full.
    3. An orderly series, arrangement or sequence.
      • Prescotta gallant array of nobles and cavaliers
    4. Order; a regular and imposing arrangement; disposition in regular lines; hence, order of battle.drawn up in battle array
      • Gibbonwedged together in the closest array
    5. A large collection.
      • Byrontheir long array of sapphire and of gold
    6. We offer a dazzling array of choices.
      • 2011, October 23, Phil McNulty, Man Utd 1 - 6 Man City, Mario Balotelli, in the headlines for accidentally setting his house ablaze with fireworks, put City on their way with goals either side of the interval as United struggled to contain the array of attacking talent in front of them.
    7. (programming) Any of various data structures designed to hold multiple elements of the same type; especially, a data structure that holds these elements in adjacent memory locations so that they may be retrieved using numeric indices.
    8. (legal) A ranking or setting forth in order, by the proper officer, of a jury as impanelled in a cause; the panel itself; or the whole body of jurors summoned to attend the court.

    Usage notes

    (any of various data structures) The exact usage of the term array, and of related terms, generally depends on the programming language. For example, many languages distinguish a fairly low-level "array" construct from a higher-level "list" or "vector" construct. Some languages distinguish between an "array" and a variety of "associative array"; others have only the latter concept, calling it an "array".


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