• Cavil

    Pronunciation

    • RP IPA: /ˈkæv.əl/, /ˈkæv.ɪl/
    • Rhymes: -ævəl

    Alternative forms

    • (17th–18th centuries; verb senses only) cavel, cavell

    Origin

    From Old French caviller ("mock”, “jest”, “rail"), from Latin cavillor ("jeer, mock, satirise, reason captiously"), from cavilla ("jeering”, “raillery”, “scoffing"); cognate with Italian language cavillare, cavillar, and cavilar; nominal usage developed within English from the original verbal usage.

    cavil, n.” and “cavil, v.” listed in the Oxford English Dictionary, second edition (1989)

    Full definition of cavil

    Verb

    1. (intransitive) To criticise for petty or frivolous reasons.
      • 1598?, William Shakespeare, Two Gentlemen of Verona, Act I, scene I:'Tis love you cavil at: I am not Love.
      • 1913, w, Lord Stranleigh Abroad Chapter 5, Stranleigh found no difficulty in getting a cavalcade together at Bleacher’s station, an amazingly long distance west of New York. A man finds little trouble in obtaining what he wants, if he never cavils at the price asked, and is willing to pay in advance.
      • 1928, D. H. Lawrence, Lady Chatterley's Lover:I wish you wouldn't cavil, Hilda.

    Noun

    cavil

    (plural cavils)
    1. A petty or trivial objection or criticism.
      • 1835, Charles G. Finney, Lectures on revivals of religion:It is not worth while to spend your time in arguing against a cavil, but make him feel he is committing a sin to plead it, and thus enlist his conscience on your side.
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